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Effects of Ischemia and Reperfusion on P2X 2 Receptor Expressing Neurons of the Rat Ileum Enteric Nervous System

Effects of Ischemia and Reperfusion on P2X 2 Receptor Expressing Neurons of the Rat Ileum Enteric Nervous System,10.1007/s10620-011-1588-z,Digestive D

Effects of Ischemia and Reperfusion on P2X 2 Receptor Expressing Neurons of the Rat Ileum Enteric Nervous System  
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Purpose  We investigated the effects of ischemia/reperfusion in the intestine (I/R-i) on purine receptor P2X2-immunoreactive (IR) neurons of the rat ileum. Methods  The superior mesenteric artery was occluded for 45 min with an atraumatic vascular clamp and animals were sacrificed 4 h later. Neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexuses were evaluated for immunoreactivity against the P2X2 receptor, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), choline acetyl transferase (ChAT), calbindin, and calretinin. Results  Following I/R-i, we observed a decrease in P2X2 receptor immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm and surface membranes of neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexuses. These studies also revealed an absence of calbindin-positive neurons in the I/R-i group. In addition, the colocalization of the P2X2 receptor with NOS, ChAT, and calretinin immunoreactivity in the myenteric plexus was decreased following I/R-i. Likewise, the colocalization between P2X2 and calretinin in neurons of the submucosal plexus was also reduced. In the I/R-i group, there was a 55.8% decrease in the density of neurons immunoreactive (IR) for the P2X2 receptor, a 26.4% reduction in NOS-IR neuron, a 25% reduction in ChAT-IR neuron, and a 47% reduction in calretinin-IR neuron. The density of P2X2 receptor and calretinin-IR neurons also decreased in the submucosal plexus of the I/R-i group. In the myenteric plexus, P2X2-IR, NOS-IR, ChAT-IR and calretinin-IR neurons were reduced in size by 50%, 49.7%, 42%, and 33%, respectively, in the I/R-i group; in the submucosal plexus, P2X2-IR and calretinin-IR neurons were reduced in size by 56% and 72.6%, respectively. Conclusions  These data demonstrate that ischemia/reperfusion of the intestine affects the expression of the P2X2 receptor in neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexus, as well as density and size of neurons in this population. Our findings indicate that I/R-i induces changes in P2X2-IR enteric neurons that could result in alterations in intestinal motility.
Journal: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - DIGEST DIS SCI , vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 2262-2275, 2011
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