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Efficient Mining of Spatiotemporal Patterns

Efficient Mining of Spatiotemporal Patterns,10.1007/3-540-47724-1_22,Ilias Tsoukatos,Dimitrios Gunopulos

Efficient Mining of Spatiotemporal Patterns   (Citations: 58)
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Abstract. The problem of mining spatiotemporal ,patterns is finding sequences,of events ,that occur frequently in spatiotemporal datasets. Spatiotemporal datasets store the evolution of objects over time. Examples include sequences of sensor images of a geographical region, data that describes the location and movement of individual objects over time, or data that describes the evolution of natural phenomena, such as forest coverage. The discovered patterns are sequences,of events,that occur most frequently. In this paper, we present DFS_MINE, a new algorithm for fast mining of ,frequent ,spatiotemporal ,patterns ,in ,environmental data. DFS_MINE, as its name suggests, uses a Depth-First-Search-like approach to the problem which ,allows very fast discoveries of long sequential patterns. ,DFS_MINE performs database ,scans ,to discover ,frequent sequences rather than relying on information stored in main memory, which has the advantage ,that the a mount of space required is minimal. Previous approaches utilize a Breadth-First-Search-like approach ,and ,are ,not efficient for discovering long frequent sequences. Moreover, they require storing in main memory all occurrences ,of each sequence in the database and, as a result, the a mount of space needed is rather large. Experiments showthat the I/O cost o fthe database scans is o ffset byth e efficiency of the DFS-like approach ,that ensures ,fast discovery of long frequent patterns. DFS_MINE is also ideal for mining frequent spatiotemporal sequences,with various spatial granularities. Spatial granularit y refers to how fine or how general our view of the space we are examining is.
Conference: Symposium on Large Spatial Databases - SSD , pp. 425-442, 2001
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