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Pretherapeutic Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Staging of Bulky or Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Pretherapeutic Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Staging of Bulky or Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer,10.1245/s10434-010-1320-9,Annals of Surgical Oncology

Pretherapeutic Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Staging of Bulky or Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer   (Citations: 1)
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Background  To assess the safety, feasibility, and impact on survival of extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy in the staging of patients with bulky or locally advanced cervical cancer. Materials and Methods  Between August 2001 and October 2009, 87 consecutive patients (median age 51 years) with bulky or locally advanced cervical cancer underwent extraperitoneal laparoscopic infrarenal aortic and common iliac dissection as a pretherapeutic staging procedure. Data on pathologic findings, details of surgery, postoperative complications, and disease status at follow-up were collected. Results  The median operating time was 150 min (range 60–255 min). The mean (± standard deviation) para-aortic nodal yield was 15.5 ± 8.1 (range 4–62). In none of the patients, conversion to the transperitoneal approach or laparotomy was necessary. Histological examination revealed metastasis in 13 patients (macroscopic disease 10, microscopic disease 3). After a median follow-up of 33.4 months (range 13.3–65.9 months), 73.6% of patients were free of disease and 1.1% were alive with disease, 19.5% died from cervical cancer, and 3.3% died from other causes. After a follow-up of 3 years, no deaths or recurrences were documented, with an overall survival rate of 74.8% (95% CI 62.8%–83.4%) and disease-free survival of 86% (95% CI 74.7%–92.5%). There were no significant differences in overall survival and disease-free survival between patients with positive and negative para-aortic lymph nodes. Conclusion  The extraperitoneal laparoscopic para-aortic lymphadenectomy for pretherapeutic surgical staging in cervical cancer is a safe and feasible procedure that should be considered as a tool to identify lymph node positive patients who require extended-field radiation and/or chemotherapy.
Journal: Annals of Surgical Oncology - ANNALS SURG ONCOLOGY , vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 482-489, 2011
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