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Overweight induced by chronic risperidone exposure is correlated with overexpression of the SREBP-1c and FAS genes in mouse liver

Overweight induced by chronic risperidone exposure is correlated with overexpression of the SREBP-1c and FAS genes in mouse liver,10.1007/s00210-010-0

Overweight induced by chronic risperidone exposure is correlated with overexpression of the SREBP-1c and FAS genes in mouse liver  
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Weight gain and metabolic disturbances, such as dyslipidemia and hyperglycaemia, are common side effects of most antipsychotic drugs, including risperidone. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic treatment with risperidone on body weight, fat accumulation, liver weight, and hepatic expression of key genes involved in lipid metabolism in female mice. We also addressed the mechanism of risperidone induction of metabolic side effects by exploring its effect on lipid and cholesterol metabolism in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Eleven weeks of treatment with long-acting risperidone (12.5 mpk/week) resulted in a significant weight gain associated with an increase of liver and adipose tissue weight. These effects were positively correlated with hepatic mRNA induction of two key genes involved in lipogenesis: sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). Furthermore, in line with these in vivo results, risperidone elicited significant inductions of SREBP-1 maturation and FAS mRNA expression in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes associated with an increase of free fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and phospholipid synthesis as assessed by acetate incorporation. The current investigations underscore the usefulness of a mouse model to study the weight gain observed with risperidone treatment in humans. This study shows that risperidone induces similar effects in the liver (in vivo) and in hepatocyte cell cultures (in vitro) on the expression of key genes and/or proteins that control lipid metabolism. This suggests that risperidone could alter lipid metabolism in the liver and induce weight gain in a way that is partly independent of its action on the central nervous system.
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