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The Role of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Atmosphere and Physics on Polypropylene Surface Treatment

The Role of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Atmosphere and Physics on Polypropylene Surface Treatment,10.1023/A:1011365306501,Plasmas and Polymers,F. Mas

The Role of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Atmosphere and Physics on Polypropylene Surface Treatment   (Citations: 8)
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Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) is the discharge involved in corona treatment, widely used in industry to increase the wettability or the adhesion of polymer films or fibers. Usually DBD's are filamentary discharges but recently a homogeneous glow DBD has been obtained. The aim of this paper is to compare polypropylene surface transformations realized with filamentary and glow DBD in different atmospheres (He, N2, N2 + O2 mixtures) and to determine the relative influence of both the discharge regime and the gas nature, on the polypropylene surface transformations. From wettability and XPS results it is shown that the discharge regime can have a significant effect on the surface transformations, because it changes both the ratio of electrons to gas metastables, and the space distribution of the plasma active species. This last parameter is important at atmospheric pressure because the mean free paths are short (~µm). These two points explain why in He, polypropylene wettability increase is greater by a glow DBD than by a filamentary DBD. In N2, no significant effect of the discharge regime is observed because electrons and metastables lead to the same active species throughout the gas bulk. The specificity of a DBD in N2 atmosphere compared to an atmosphere containing oxygen is that it allows very extensive surface transformations and a greater increase of the polypropylene surface wettability. Indeed, even in low concentration and independently of the discharge regime, when O2 is present in the plasma gas, it controls the surface chemistry and degradation occurs.
Journal: Plasmas and Polymers - PLASMAS POLYM , vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 35-49, 2001
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