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Accurate characterization of room-temperature long range magnetic order in GaN: Mn by magnetic force microscope

Accurate characterization of room-temperature long range magnetic order in GaN: Mn by magnetic force microscope,10.1007/s11431-010-4191-1,Science Chin

Accurate characterization of room-temperature long range magnetic order in GaN: Mn by magnetic force microscope  
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Room-temperature ferromagnetism with a Curie temperature higher than 380 K was studied in GaN: Mn thin films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. By etching artificial microstructures on the GaN: Mn layer, strong magnetic responses were observed in the magnetic force microscopy (MFM) measurement, which revealed that the films were independent of dopant particles and clusters. Numerical simulation on the data of atomic force microscope (AFM) and MFM measurements covering the whole microstructure validated the formation of long range magnetic order. This result excluded a variety of controversial origins of room-temperature ferromagnetism in the GaN: Mn and gave a strong evidence of our GaN: Mn as the intrinsic diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS). The forwarded method for accurate characterization of long range magnetic order could be applied to a wide range of DMS and diluted magnetic oxide (DMO) systems.
Journal: Science China-technological Sciences - SCI CHINA-TECHNOL SCI , vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 15-18, 2011
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