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Leukotriene biosynthesis inhibition ameliorates acute lung injury following hemorrhagic shock in rats

Leukotriene biosynthesis inhibition ameliorates acute lung injury following hemorrhagic shock in rats,10.1186/1749-8090-6-81,Journal of Cardiothoracic

Leukotriene biosynthesis inhibition ameliorates acute lung injury following hemorrhagic shock in rats  
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Background  Hemorrhagic shock followed by resuscitation is conceived as an insult frequently induces a systemic inflammatory response syndrome and oxidative stress that results in multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome including acute lung injury. MK-886 is a leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitor exerts an anti inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Objectives  The objective of present study was to assess the possible protective effect of MK-886 against hemorrhagic shock-induced acute lung injury via interfering with inflammatory and oxidative pathways. Materials and methods  Eighteen adult Albino rats were assigned to three groups each containing six rats: group I, sham group, rats underwent all surgical instrumentation but neither hemorrhagic shock nor resuscitation was done; group II, Rats underwent hemorrhagic shock (HS) for 1 hr then resuscitated with Ringer's lactate (1 hr) (induced untreated group, HS); group III, HS + MK-886 (0.6 mg/kg i.p. injection 30 min before the induction of HS, and the same dose was repeated just before reperfusion period). At the end of experiment (2 hr after completion of resuscitation), blood samples were collected for measurement of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The trachea was then isolated and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was carried out for measurement of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and total protein. The lungs were harvested, excised and the left lung was homogenized for measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) and the right lung was fixed in 10% formalin for histological examination. Results  MK-886 treatment significantly reduced the total lung injury score compared with the HS group (P 4, LTC4 & total protein compared with the HS group (P P < 0.05). Conclusions  The results of the present study reveal that MK-886 may ameliorate lung injury in shocked rats via interfering with inflammatory and oxidative pathways implicating the role of leukotrienes in the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic shock-induced lung inflammation.
Journal: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery - J CARDIOTHORAC SURG , vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2011
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