Diffusion Parameters and Growth Mechanism of Phases in the Cu-Sn System
The tracer diffusion coefficients of the elements as well as the integrated interdiffusion coefficients are determined for
the Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5 intermetallic compounds using incremental diffusion couples and Kirkendall marker shift measurements. The activation energies
are determined for the former between 498 K and 623 K (225 °C and 350 °C) and for the latter between 423 K and 473 K (150 °C
and 200 °C). Sn is found to be a slightly faster diffuser in Cu6Sn5, and Cu is found to be the faster diffuser in Cu3Sn. The results from the incremental couples are used to predict the behavior of a Cu/Sn couple where simultaneous growth
of both intermetallics occurs. The waviness at the Cu3Sn/Cu6Sn5 interface and possible reasons for not finding Kirkendall markers in both intermetallics in the Cu/Sn couple are discussed.