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Triplet Exciton Generation in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells Based on Endohedral Fullerenes

Triplet Exciton Generation in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells Based on Endohedral Fullerenes,10.1021/ja2025432,Journal of The American Chemical Societ

Triplet Exciton Generation in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells Based on Endohedral Fullerenes  
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Organic bulk-heterojunctions (BHJ) and solar cells containing the trimetallic nitride endohedral fullerene 1-{[}3-(2-ethyl)hexoxy carbonyl]propyl-1-phenyl-Lu3(N)@C(80) (Lu(3)N@C(80)-PCBEH) show an open circuit voltage (V(OC)) 0.3 V higher than similar devices with {[}6,6]-phenyl-C{[}61]-butyric acid methyl ester (PC(61)BM). To fully exploit the potential of this acceptor molecule with respect to the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of solar cells, the short circuit current (J(SC)) should be improved to become competitive with the state of the art solar cells. Here, we address factors influencing the J(SC) in blends containing the high voltage absorber Lu(3)N@C(80)-PCBEH in view of both photogeneration but also transport and extraction of charge carriers. We apply optical, charge carrier extraction, morphology, and spin-sensitive techniques. In blends containing Lu(3)N@C(80)-PCBEH, we found 2 times weaker photoluminescence quenching, remainders of interchain excitons, and, most remarkably, triplet excitons formed on the polymer chain, which were absent in the reference P3HT:PC(61)BM blends. We show that electron back transfer to the triplet state along with the lower exciton dissociation yield due to intramolecular charge transfer in Lu(3)N@C(80)-PCBEH are responsible for the reduced photocurrent.
Journal: Journal of The American Chemical Society - J AM CHEM SOC , vol. 133, pp. 9088-9094, 2011
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