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A gold nanoparticle-mediated enzyme bioreactor for inhibitor screening by capillary electrophoresis

A gold nanoparticle-mediated enzyme bioreactor for inhibitor screening by capillary electrophoresis,10.1016/j.ab.2010.12.025,Analytical Biochemistry,S

A gold nanoparticle-mediated enzyme bioreactor for inhibitor screening by capillary electrophoresis   (Citations: 2)
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A facile protocol to prepare highly effective and durable in-line enzyme bioreactors inside capillary electrophoresis (CE) columns was developed. To demonstrate the methodology, l-glutamic dehydrogenase (GLDH) was selected as the model enzyme. GLDH was first immobilized onto 38-nm-diameter gold nanoparticles (GNPs), and the functionalized GNPs were then assembled on the inner wall at the inlet end of the CE capillary treated with polyethyleneimine (PEI), producing an in-line GLDH bioreactor. Compared with a GLDH bioreactor prepared by immobilizing GLDH directly on PEI-treated capillary, the GNP-mediated bioreactor showed a higher enzymatic activity and a much better stability. The in-capillary enzyme bioreactor was proven to be very useful for screening of GLDH inhibitors deploying the GLDH-catalyzed α-ketoglutaric acid reaction. The screening assay was preliminarily validated by using a known GLDH inhibitor, namely perphenazine. A Z′ factor value of 0.95 (n=10) was obtained, indicating that the screening results were highly reliable. Screening of GLDH inhibitors present in medicinal plant extracts by the proposed method was demonstrated. The inhibition percentages were found to be 53% for Radix scutellariae, 45% for Radix codonopsis, 37% for Radix paeoniae alba, and 0% for the other 22 extracts tested at a concentration of 0.6mg extract/ml.
Journal: Analytical Biochemistry - ANAL BIOCHEM , vol. 411, no. 1, pp. 88-93, 2011
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