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Lectin-induced activation of plasma membrane NADPH oxidase in cholesterol-depleted human neutrophils

Lectin-induced activation of plasma membrane NADPH oxidase in cholesterol-depleted human neutrophils,10.1016/j.abb.2011.10.013,Archives of Biochemistr

Lectin-induced activation of plasma membrane NADPH oxidase in cholesterol-depleted human neutrophils  
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The gp91phox subunit of flavocytochrome b558 is the catalytic core of the phagocyte plasma membrane NADPH oxidase. Its activation occurs within lipid rafts and requires translocation of four subunits to flavocytochrome b558. gp91phox is the only glycosylated subunit of NADPH oxidase and no data exist about the structure or function of its glycans. Glycans, however, bind to lectins and this can stimulates NADPH oxidase activity. Given this information, we hypothesized that lectin–gp91phox interactions would facilitate the assembly of a functionally active NADPH oxidase in the absence of lipid rafts. To test this, we used lectins with different carbohydrate-binding specificity to examine the effects on H2O2 generation by human neutrophils treated with the lipid raft disrupting agent methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD). MβCD treatment removed membrane cholesterol, caused changes in cell morphology, inhibited lectin-induced cell aggregation, and delayed lectin-induced assembly of the NADPH oxidase complex. More importantly, MβCD treatment either stimulated or inhibited H2O2 production in a lectin-dependent manner. Together, these results show selectivity in lectin binding to gp91phox, and provide evidence for the biochemical structures of the gp91phox glycans. Furthermore, the data also indicate that in the absence of lipid rafts, neutrophil NADPH oxidase activity can be altered by these select lectins.
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