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Opposing structural changes in two symmetrical polypeptides bring about opposing changes to the thermal stability of a complex integral membrane protein

Opposing structural changes in two symmetrical polypeptides bring about opposing changes to the thermal stability of a complex integral membrane prote

Opposing structural changes in two symmetrical polypeptides bring about opposing changes to the thermal stability of a complex integral membrane protein  
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The relationship between membrane protein structure and thermal stability has been examined in the reaction centre from the bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, a complex membrane protein comprising three polypeptide chains and 10 cofactors. The core of this protein exhibits an approximate twofold symmetry, the cofactors being held in two membrane-spanning branches by two polypeptides, termed L and M, that have very similar folds. In assays of the thermal stability of wild-type and mutant reaction centres embedded in the native bilayer membrane, replacement of a Phe at position 197 of the M polypeptide by His produced an increase in stability, whereas an opposing replacement of His by Phe at the symmetrical position 168 of the L-polypeptide produced a decrease in stability. In light of the known X-ray crystal structures of wild-type and mutant variants of this protein, and further mutagenesis, it is concluded that these stability changes result from the introduction or removal, respectively, of a hydrogen bond between the side-chain of the His and that of an Asn located two positions along the M or L polypeptide chain, in addition to a hydrogen bond between the His side-chain and an adjacent bacteriochlorophyll cofactor.
Journal: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics - ARCH BIOCHEM BIOPHYS , vol. 505, no. 2, pp. 160-170, 2011
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