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Phase control of resonant systems: Interference, chaos and high periodicity

Phase control of resonant systems: Interference, chaos and high periodicity,10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.03.002,Journal of Theoretical Biology,J. V. Greenman,V

Phase control of resonant systems: Interference, chaos and high periodicity  
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Much progress has been made in understanding the effect of periodic forcing on epidemiological and ecological systems when that forcing acts on just one part of the system. Much less is known about situations in which several parts of the system are affected. In this case the interaction between the impacts of the different forcing components can lead to reinforcement of system responses or to their interference. This interference phenomenon is significant if some forcing components are anthropogenic for then management might be able to exercise sufficient control to bring about suppression of undesirable aspects of the forcing, for example resonant amplification and the problems this can cause. We set out the algebraic theory when forcing is weak and illustrate by example what can happen when forcing is strong enough to create subharmonics and chaotic states. Phase is the key control variable that can bring about interference, advantageously shift nonlinear response curves and create periodic states out of chaos. The phenomenon in which high period fluctuations appear to be generated by low period forcing is examined and different mechanisms compared in a two-strain epidemiological model. The effect of noise as a source of high period fluctuations is also considered.
Journal: Journal of Theoretical Biology - J THEOR BIOL , vol. 278, no. 1, pp. 74-86, 2011
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