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Lead-induced genotoxicity to Vicia faba L. roots in relation with metal cell uptake and initial speciation

Lead-induced genotoxicity to Vicia faba L. roots in relation with metal cell uptake and initial speciation,10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.08.037,Ecotoxicology

Lead-induced genotoxicity to Vicia faba L. roots in relation with metal cell uptake and initial speciation   (Citations: 5)
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Formation of organometallic complexes in soil solution strongly influence metals phytoavailability. However, only few studies deal with the influence of metal speciation both on plant uptake and genotoxicity. In the present study, Vicia faba seedlings were exposed for 6h in controlled hydroponic conditions to 5μM of lead nitrate alone and chelated to varying degrees by different organic ligands. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and citric acid were, respectively, chosen as models of humic substances and low weight organic acids present in natural soil solutions. Visual Minteq software was used to estimate free lead cations concentration and ultimately to design the experimental layout. For all experimental conditions, both micronucleus test and measure of lead uptake by plants were finally performed. Chelation of Pb by EDTA, a strong chelator, dose-dependently increased the uptake in V. faba roots while its genotoxicity was significantly reduced, suggesting a protective role of EDTA. A weak correlation was observed between total lead concentration absorbed by roots and genotoxicity (r2=0.65). In contrast, a strong relationship (r2=0.93) exists between Pb2+ concentration in exposure media and genotoxicity in the experiment performed with EDTA. Citric acid induced labile organometallic complexes did not demonstrate any significant changes in lead genotoxicity or uptake. These results demonstrate that metal speciation knowledge could improve the interpretation of V. faba genotoxicity test performed to test soil quality.
Journal: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - ECOTOXICOL ENVIRON SAFETY , vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 78-84, 2011
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