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Recognizing affect from speech prosody using hierarchical graphical models

Recognizing affect from speech prosody using hierarchical graphical models,10.1016/j.specom.2011.05.003,Speech Communication,Raul Fernandez,Rosalind P

Recognizing affect from speech prosody using hierarchical graphical models  
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In this work we develop and apply a class of hierarchical directed graphical models on the task of recognizing affective categories from prosody in both acted and natural speech. A strength of this new approach is the integration and summarization of information using both local (e.g., syllable level) and global prosodic phenomena (e.g., utterance level). In this framework speech is structurally modeled as a dynamically evolving hierarchical model in which levels of the hierarchy are determined by prosodic constituency and contain parameters that evolve according to dynamical systems. The acoustic parameters have been chosen to reflect four main components of speech thought to reflect paralinguistic and affect-specific information: intonation, loudness, rhythm and voice quality. The work is first evaluated on a database of acted emotions and compared to human perceptual recognition of five affective categories where it achieves rates within nearly 10% of human recognition accuracy despite only focusing on prosody. The model is then evaluated on two different corpora of fully spontaneous, affectively-colored, naturally occurring speech between people: Call Home English and BT Call Center. Here the ground truth labels are obtained from examining the agreement of 29 human coders labeling arousal and valence. The best discrimination performance on the natural spontaneous speech, using only the prosody features, obtains a 70% detection rate with 30% false alarms when detecting high arousal negative valence speech in call centers.
Journal: Speech Communication , vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1088-1103, 2011
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