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Conformational study on cyclic melanocortin ligands and new insight into their binding mode at the MC4 receptor

Conformational study on cyclic melanocortin ligands and new insight into their binding mode at the MC4 receptor,10.1016/j.ejmech.2011.05.038,European

Conformational study on cyclic melanocortin ligands and new insight into their binding mode at the MC4 receptor  
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The melanocortin receptors are involved in many physiological functions, including pigmentation, sexual function, feeding behavior, and energy homeostasis, making them potential targets to treat obesity, sexual dysfunction, etc. Understanding the basis of the ligand-receptor interactions is crucial for the design of potent and selective ligands for these receptors.The conformational preferences of the cyclic melanocortin ligands MTII (Ac-Nle4-c[Asp5-His6-DPhe7-Arg8-Trp9-Lys10]–NH2) and SHU9119 (Ac-Nle4-c[Asp5-His6-DNal(2′)7-Arg8-Trp9-Lys10]–NH2), which show agonist and antagonist activity at the h-MC4R, respectively, were comprehensively investigated by solution NMR spectroscopy in different environments. In particular, water and water/DMSO (8:2) solutions were used as isotropic solutions and an aqueous solution of DPC (dodecylphosphocholine) micelles was used as a membrane mimetic environment. NMR-derived conformations of these two ligands were docked within h-MC4R models. NMR and docking studies revealed intriguing differences which can help explain the different activities of these two ligands.
Journal: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - EUR J MED CHEM , vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 3721-3733, 2011
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