Academic
Publications
Antinociceptive effects induced through the stimulation of spinal cannabinoid type 2 receptors in chronically inflamed mice

Antinociceptive effects induced through the stimulation of spinal cannabinoid type 2 receptors in chronically inflamed mice,10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.06.0

Antinociceptive effects induced through the stimulation of spinal cannabinoid type 2 receptors in chronically inflamed mice  
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
The stimulation of spinal cannabinoid type 2 (CB2) receptors is a suitable strategy for the alleviation of experimental pain symptoms. Several reports have described the up-regulation of spinal cannabinoid CB2 receptors in neuropathic settings together with the analgesic effects derived from their activation. Besides, we have recently reported in two murine bone cancer models that the intrathecal administration of cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists completely abolishes hyperalgesia and allodynia, whereas spinal cannabinoid CB2 receptor expression remains unaltered. The present experiments were designed to measure the expression of spinal cannabinoid CB2 receptors as well as the analgesic efficacy derived from their stimulation in mice chronically inflamed by the intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant 1week before. Both spinal cannabinoid CB2 receptors mRNA measured by real-time PCR and cannabinoid CB2 receptor protein levels measured by western blot remained unaltered in inflamed mice. Besides, the intrathecal (i.t.) administration of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists AM1241, (R,S)-3-(2-Iodo-5-nitrobenzoyl)-1-(1-methyl-2-piperidinylmethyl)-1H-indole, (0.03-1μg) and JWH 133, (6aR,10aR)-3-(1,1-Dimethylbutyl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran, (3–30μg) dose-dependently blocked inflammatory thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. The analgesic effects induced by both agonists were counteracted by the coadministration of the selective cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist SR144528, 5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-[(4-methylphenyl)methyl]-N-[(1S,2S,4R)-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide, (5μg) but not by the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM251, N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide, (10μg). The effects induced by AM1241 were also inhibited by the coadministration of the opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone (1μg). These results demonstrate that effective analgesia can be achieved in chronic inflammatory settings through the stimulation of spinal cannabinoid CB2 receptors even if this receptor population is not up-regulated.
Journal: European Journal of Pharmacology - EUR J PHARMACOL , vol. 668, no. 1, pp. 184-189, 2011
Cumulative Annual
View Publication
The following links allow you to view full publications. These links are maintained by other sources not affiliated with Microsoft Academic Search.