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Interleukin17A induces cathepsin K and MMP-9 expression in osteoclasts via celecoxib-blocked prostaglandin E 2 in osteoblasts

Interleukin17A induces cathepsin K and MMP-9 expression in osteoclasts via celecoxib-blocked prostaglandin E 2 in osteoblasts,10.1016/j.biochi.2010.10

Interleukin17A induces cathepsin K and MMP-9 expression in osteoclasts via celecoxib-blocked prostaglandin E 2 in osteoblasts   (Citations: 3)
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Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a cytokine secreted primarily by TH-17 cells that can stimulate the development of osteoclasts (osteoclastogenesis) in the presence of osteoblasts. IL-17, through osteoblasts, has indirect effects on the expression of bone resorption-related enzymes in osteoclasts, which have not been well clarified. Here, using MC3T3-E1 cells and RAW264.7 cells as osteoblasts and osteoclast precursors, we aimed to clarify these effects of IL-17A. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured in the presence or absence of IL-17A for 72 h and the conditioned media collected (in the presence of soluble receptor activator of NF-кB ligand) and used to culture RAW264.7 cells. To assess osteoclast differentiation, adherent cells were fixed and stained for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). Our analyses demonstrated that the number of TRAP-positive multinucleated cells increases after 3 days of culture in conditioned medium from IL-17A-treated cells compared to untreated controls. In addition, we observed that the levels of cathepsin K and MMP-9 increase in the conditioned medium from IL-17A-treated cells, whereas CA II expression levels remain unaffected. PGE2 production from MC3T3-E1 cells increased in the presence of IL-17A. Celecoxib, a specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), blocked both the IL-17A-stimulated increase in TRAP-positive multinucleated cells and the expression of cathepsin K and MMP-9. Furthermore, when MC3T3-E1 cells were transformed with small interfering RNA to silence COX-2 expression before IL-17A treatment, the resulting conditioned medium was less effective at inducing cathepsin K and MMP-9 expression in RAW264.7 cells. These results suggest that IL-17A induces the differentiation and function of osteoclasts via celecoxib-blocked prostaglandin, mainly PGE2, in osteoblasts.
Journal: Biochimie , vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 296-305, 2011
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