Mushroom crops in relation to weather in the southwestern Yukon

Mushroom crops in relation to weather in the southwestern Yukon,10.1139/B08-094,Botany-botanique,C. J. Krebs,Patrick Carrier,S. Boutin,R. Boonstra,Eli

Mushroom crops in relation to weather in the southwestern Yukon   (Citations: 7)
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Epigeous mushroom production in the boreal forest ecosystem varies dramatically from year to year. We tested the hypothesis that the aboveground production of epigeous mushrooms in the Kluane region, Yukon, could be predicted by summer rainfall. There is a single crop in this part of the boreal zone with maximum production during the first 2 weeks of August. We measured standing crops from 1993 to 2007 at 13 areas along 210 km of the Alaska Highway and Haines Road in the southwestern Yukon. Aboveground mushroom crops averaged 24 kg/ha wet weight but varied from 0.0 to 117 kg/ha over the 15 years of study, with a coefficient of variation among years of 143%. Epigeous mushroom produc- tion could be predicted from June rainfall of the current year and May rainfall of the year previous with R2 = 0.85. Part of the lack of a perfect fit to rainfall was due to the constraint that years of high mushroom crops could not be followed by another high year, no matter what the rainfall pattern. We were not able to identify the species of mushrooms in this study but we confirm from natural history observations that mushrooms are a critical food for several of the small mammal spe- cies in the Yukon boreal forest.
Journal: Botany-botanique - BOTANY , vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 1497-1502, 2008
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