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Mathematical modeling for extraction of essential oil from Baccharis spp. by steam distillation

Mathematical modeling for extraction of essential oil from Baccharis spp. by steam distillation,10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.12.019,Industrial Crops and Pro

Mathematical modeling for extraction of essential oil from Baccharis spp. by steam distillation  
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Baccharis (Compositae–Asteraceae) is a large genus of plants distributed from the USA to Argentina, of which 90% are located in South America. In recent decades, species of the genus have been studied, due to their importance as sources of novel active components with possible applications in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. This work studied three species of Baccharis: Baccharis uncinella DC, Baccharis anomala DC and Baccharis dentata (Vell) G.M. Barroso collected in São Francisco de Paula in southern Brazil. The aim of this work is the evaluation of the aromatic potential of the essential oil obtained by steam distillation method and the simulation of the extraction data by means of a mathematical model. A mathematical model based on mass transfer fundamentals is developed and applied to correlate the experimental data. This model is based on the existence of the broken and intact cells, in which the oil located in the broken cells is rapidly extracted and the oil from intact cells diffuses slowly to the surface of the vegetal material. The analysis of the essential oil was carried through by GC–MS and the major compounds identified to both processes were α-pinene, β-pinene, and spathulenol (B. uncinella), spathulenol, β-caryophyllene, and β-selinene (B. anomala), and germacrene-D, caryophyllene oxide, and spathulenol (B. dentata).
Journal: Industrial Crops and Products - IND CROPS PRODUCTS , vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 599-604, 2011
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