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Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic behavior of Ni-porphyrines immobilized in SBA15 for the esterification of DMT

Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic behavior of Ni-porphyrines immobilized in SBA15 for the esterification of DMT,10.1016/j.apcata.2011.05.006,App

Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic behavior of Ni-porphyrines immobilized in SBA15 for the esterification of DMT  
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New porphyrin-based hybrids materials, (SBA-15)-O-Si-(CH2)3-NH-CO-(CH2)2-OC-HN-5m-Etio-III-Ni2+ and (SBA-15)-O-Si-(CH2)3-NH-CO-(CH2)2-OC-HN-2-pyrrolic-m-5,10,15,20-TPP-Ni2+, were used as heterogeneous catalysts in the esterification reaction of dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) with ethylene glycol (EG) in semi-batch conditions. These results were compared with those obtained for homogeneous catalysis using pure unsupported porphyrins, Etio-III-Ni2+ and m-5,10,15,20-TPP-Ni2+. The catalytic activity for all systems was determined by measuring the amount of methanol produced during the reaction. The kinetic parameter K was obtained for both processes resulting for the heterogeneous catalyst activation energies of 15.39kJ/mol for SBA-15-Etio-III-Ni2+ and 23.77kJ/mol for SBA-15-TPP-Ni2+, while for homogeneous catalysis the activation energies were 10.49kJ/mol for Etio-III-Ni2+ and 23.45kJ/mol for TPP-Ni2+. The catalytic efficiencies were determined for both processes resulting that the conversions and the activities were slightly higher for homogeneous processes respect to the heterogeneous ones.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A-general - APPL CATAL A-GEN , vol. 401, no. 1, pp. 119-123, 2011
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