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Immobilization of anti-CD31 antibody on electrospun poly( ɛ-caprolactone) scaffolds through hydrophobins for specific adhesion of endothelial cells

Immobilization of anti-CD31 antibody on electrospun poly( ɛ-caprolactone) scaffolds through hydrophobins for specific adhesion of endothelial cells,10

Immobilization of anti-CD31 antibody on electrospun poly( ɛ-caprolactone) scaffolds through hydrophobins for specific adhesion of endothelial cells  
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Hydrophilicity improvement and bioactive surface design of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) grafts are of key importance for their application in tissue engineering. Herein, we develop a convenient approach for achieving stable hydrophilic surfaces by modifying electrospun PCL grafts with a class II hydrophobin (HFBI) coating. Static water contact angles (WCA) demonstrated the conversion of the PCL grafts from hydrophobic to hydrophilic after the introduction of amphiphilic HFBI. ATR-FTIR and XPS confirmed the presence of self-assembled HFBI films on the surface of the PCL nanofibers. The biocompatibility of the HFBI-modified PCL grafts was evaluated by cell proliferation in vitro, and by arteriovenous shunt (AV shunt) experiments ex vivo. Anti-CD31 antibody, which is specific for endothelial cells (ECs), was subsequently immobilized on the HFBI-coated PCL scaffolds through protein–protein interactions. This bioactive PCL graft was found to promote the attachment and retention of endothelial cells. These results suggest that this stepwise strategy for introducing cell-specific binding molecules into PCL scaffolds may have potential for development of vascular grafts that can endothelialize rapidly in vivo.
Journal: Colloids and Surfaces B-biointerfaces - COLLOID SURFACE B , vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 32-39, 2011
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