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Zirconium oxide nanotube surface prompts increased osteoblast functionality and mineralization

Zirconium oxide nanotube surface prompts increased osteoblast functionality and mineralization,10.1016/j.msec.2011.07.016,Materials Science and Engine

Zirconium oxide nanotube surface prompts increased osteoblast functionality and mineralization  
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Electrochemical formation of tunable nanoscale oxide layers on biomedical metallic surfaces has recently drawn much attention in biomaterials research. In this study, we report on the cellular response to a unique vertically aligned, laterally spaced nanotube nanostructure made of zirconium oxide (ZrO2) fabricated by anodization. The growth, morphology, and functionality of osteoblasts cultured on ZrO2 nanotubes have been investigated. The initial adhesion and spreading was considerably improved on the nanotube surface as compared to a flat zirconium (Zr) surface without a nanostructure. The morphology of the adhered cells on the nanotube surface elicited a highly organized cytoskeleton with crisscross patterned actin, which was lacking on the flat Zr. Increased alkaline phosphatase activity levels and the formation of calcified extracellular matrix implied improved osteoblast functionality and mineralization on the nanotube substrate. This in vitro study suggests that the ZrO2 nanotubes provided an enhanced osteoblast response and demonstrated their apparent role in providing a platform for bone growth.
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C , vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1716-1722, 2011
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