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Emergy analysis of cassava-based fuel ethanol in China

Emergy analysis of cassava-based fuel ethanol in China,10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.10.027,Biomass & Bioenergy,Hui Yang,Li Chen,Zongcheng Yan,Honglin Wang

Emergy analysis of cassava-based fuel ethanol in China   (Citations: 2)
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Emergy analysis considers both energy quality and energy used in the past, and compensates for the inability of money to value non-market inputs in an objective manner. Its common unit allows all resources to be compared on a fair basis. As feedstock for fuel ethanol, cassava has some advantages over other feedstocks. The production system of cassava-based fuel ethanol (CFE) was evaluated by emergy analysis. The emergy indices for the system of cassava-based fuel ethanol (CFE) are as follows: transformity is 1.10 E + 5 sej/J, EYR is 1.07, ELR is 2.55, RER is 0.28, and ESI is 0.42. Compared with the emergy indices of wheat ethanol and corn ethanol, CFE is the most sustainable. CFE is a good alternative to substitute for oil in China. Non-renewable purchased emergy accounts for 71.15% of the whole input emergy. The dependence on non-renewable energy increases environmental degradation, making the system less sustainable relative to systems more dependent on renewable energies. For sustainable development, it is vital to reduce the consumption of non-renewable energy in the production of CFE.
Journal: Biomass & Bioenergy - BIOMASS BIOENERG , vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 581-589, 2011
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