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Ruthenium-nitrite complex as pro-drug releases NO in a tissue and enzyme-dependent way

Ruthenium-nitrite complex as pro-drug releases NO in a tissue and enzyme-dependent way,10.1016/j.niox.2011.03.001,Nitric Oxide-biology and Chemistry,A

Ruthenium-nitrite complex as pro-drug releases NO in a tissue and enzyme-dependent way  
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Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the control of the vascular tone and the most often employed NO donors have limitations due to their harmful side-effects. In this context, new NO donors have been prepared, in order to minimize such undesirable effects. cis-[Ru(bpy)2(py)NO2](PF6) (RuBPY) is a new nitrite complex synthesized in our laboratory that releases NO in the presence of the vascular tissue only. In this work the vasorelaxation induced by this NO donor has been studied and compared to that obtained with the well known NO donor SNP. The relaxation induced by RuBPY is concentration-dependent in denuded rat aortas pre-contracted with phenylephrine (EC50). This new compound induced relaxation with efficacy similar to that of SNP, although its potency is lower. The time elapsed until maximum relaxation is achieved (Emax=240s) is similar to measured for SNP (210s). Vascular reactivity experiments demonstrated that aortic relaxation by RuBPY is inhibited by the soluble guanylyl-cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiozolo[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ 1μM). In a similar way, 1μM ODQ also reduces NO release from the complex as measured with DAF-2 DA by confocal microscopy. These findings suggest that this new complex RuBPY that has nitrite in its structure releases NO inside the vascular smooth muscle cell. This ruthenium complex releases significant amounts of NO only in the presence of the aortic tissue. Reduction of nitrite to NO is most probably dependent on the soluble guanylyl-cyclase enzyme, since NO release is inhibited by ODQ.
Journal: Nitric Oxide-biology and Chemistry - NITRIC OXIDE-BIOL CHEM , vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 192-198, 2011
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