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Hydrotalcite-like compounds containing transition metals as solid base catalysts for transesterification

Hydrotalcite-like compounds containing transition metals as solid base catalysts for transesterification,10.1016/j.cej.2011.09.126,Chemical Engineerin

Hydrotalcite-like compounds containing transition metals as solid base catalysts for transesterification  
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Hydrotalcite-like compounds (HTLCs) containing Mg2+, Ni2+ and Al3+ layered double hydroxide (LDH) were synthesized by co-precipitation method and calcined at 773K for 10h performed as heterogeneous base catalysts for transesterification of soybean oil with methanol to produce biodiesel. These four different MgAlNi catalysts were characterized by nitrogen physisorption, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), temperature programmed desorption with CO2 (CO2-TPD), nitrogen adsorption–desorption. The Mg/Ni molar ratio varies over the range from 4 to 16 of the MgAlNi catalysts at a constant Al ratio in the hydrotalcite-like structures. The conversion of FAME was related to the basicity and Mg content of the MgAlNi catalysts, with MgAlNi 16 showing the highest basicity, and the lowest surface area due to Mg2+–O2− and Al3+–O2− pairs. The optimum conditions were obtained with a methanol/oil molar ratio of 21, 0.3% catalyst (w/w, oil), and 1200rpm stirring speed for 4h at 338K, which results in the highest FAME conversion of 87%.
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal - CHEM ENG J , vol. 175, pp. 548-554, 2011
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