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Histidine-rich glycoprotein polymorphism and pregnancy outcome: a pilot study

Histidine-rich glycoprotein polymorphism and pregnancy outcome: a pilot study,10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.04.004,Reproductive Biomedicine Online,Sarah Nordqvi

Histidine-rich glycoprotein polymorphism and pregnancy outcome: a pilot study  
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Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is involved in fibrinolysis and coagulation, the immune system and angiogenesis. These processes are all crucial in establishing and maintaining pregnancy. The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine if HRG affects pregnancy outcome. The secondary aim was to investigate if a specific genetic polymorphism (rs9898 C/T) in the HRG gene is associated with pregnancy results. The polymorphism leads to expression of either a serine or proline residue at position 186 in the protein sequence. In this study, women undergoing IVF were included. The genetic polymorphism in the HRG gene was analysed by Western blot and single nucleotide polymorphism analysis. None of the women homozygous for the serine at residue 186 became pregnant whereas the women homozygous for proline at residue 186 had higher than expected pregnancy rates. As far as is known, this is the first study to show that a specific genetic polymorphism in the HRG gene of a woman affects her chances of becoming pregnant after IVF. The results may be essential in improving advice and IVF treatment for couples with unexplained infertility.We have found a new test which might potentially improve advice and treatment for infertile couples considering IVF treatment. Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is involved in the system preventing blood clots or excess bleeding, the immune system and the system regulating blood vessel formation. Tight regulation of these processes is necessary for a pregnancy to be successful. This study examines how a specific genetic variant of HRG can affect pregnancy rates after IVF. The genetic polymorphism leads to expression of two different protein variations. One variation has a serine amino acid attached at position 186 and the other variation has a proline amino acid attached at the same position. Which variation a women produces is inherited co-dominantly. In this study, women undergoing IVF were included. To determine which variation each woman had, two different methods were used: Western blot and single nucleotide polymorphism analysis. The experimental results were then related to the woman’s medical records. None of the women who only produced the variation of HRG with a serine attached became pregnant, whereas the women who produced only the proline variation had higher than expected pregnancy rates. We show for the first time that the genetic background of a woman may affect her chances of becoming pregnant after IVF. The results might be essential in improving advice and IVF treatment for infertile couples.
Journal: Reproductive Biomedicine Online - REPROD BIOMED ONLINE , vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 213-219, 2011
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