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X-ray absorption spectroscopy for wire-array Z-pinches at the non-radiative stage

X-ray absorption spectroscopy for wire-array Z-pinches at the non-radiative stage,10.1016/j.hedp.2011.08.002,High Energy Density Physics,V. V. Ivanov,

X-ray absorption spectroscopy for wire-array Z-pinches at the non-radiative stage  
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V. V. Ivanov, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, J. P. Chittenden, A. Anderson, A. P. Shevelko, P. Wiewior, T. Durmaz, S. D. Altemara, D. Papp, A. L. Astanovitskiy, V. Nalajalahttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=49644008&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
Absorption spectroscopy was applied to wire-array Z-pinches on the 1 MA pulsed-power Zebra generator at the Nevada Terawatt Facility (NTF). The 50 TW Leopard laser was coupled with the Zebra generator for X-ray backlighting of wire arrays at the ablation stage. Broadband X-ray emission from a laser-produced Sm plasma was used to backlight Al star wire arrays in the range of 7–9 Å. Two time-integrated X-ray conical spectrometers recorded reference and absorption spectra. The spectrometers were shielded from the bright Z-pinch X-ray burst by collimators. The comparison of plasma-transmitted spectra with reference spectra indicates absorption lines in the range of 8.1–8.4 Å. Analysis of Al K-shell absorption spectra with detailed atomic kinetics models shows a distribution of electron temperature in the range of 10–30 eV that was fitted with an effective two-temperature model. Temperature and density distributions in wire-array plasma were simulated with a three-dimension magneto-hydrodynamic code. Post-processing of this code’s output yields synthetic transmission spectrum which is in general agreement with the data.
Journal: High Energy Density Physics , vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 383-390, 2011
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