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Connexin39 deficient mice display accelerated myogenesis and regeneration of skeletal muscle

Connexin39 deficient mice display accelerated myogenesis and regeneration of skeletal muscle,10.1016/j.yexcr.2011.01.017,Experimental Cell Research,Ju

Connexin39 deficient mice display accelerated myogenesis and regeneration of skeletal muscle  
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During muscle development and regeneration of skeletal muscle in mice connexin43 (Cx43) and connexin39 (Cx39) are specifically expressed: Cx43 in satellite cells and myoblasts, whereas Cx39 is exclusively expressed in myogenin-positive cells. We generated Cx39 deficient mice by replacing the coding region of the Gjd4 gene by DNA coding for the enhanced green fluorescent protein eGFP. Adult Cx39 deficient mice exhibit no obvious phenotypic alterations of skeletal muscle compared to wild type mice in the resting state. However, myogenesis in Cx39 deficient embryos is accelerated as indicated by increased myogenin expression on ED13.5 and ED16.5 and increased expression of Cx43 in developing skeletal muscle. In addition, the regeneration process of skeletal muscle in Cx39 deficient mice is accelerated as shown by a 2day earlier onset of MyoD and myogenin expression, relative to wild type littermates. Interestingly, Cx43 expression was also upregulated in Cx39 deficient mice during regeneration of skeletal muscle. We hypothesize that Cx43 may compensate for the loss of Cx39 during myogenesis and regeneration.
Journal: Experimental Cell Research - EXP CELL RES , vol. 317, no. 8, pp. 1169-1178, 2011
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