Variation of trabecular architecture in proximal femur of postmenopausal women

Variation of trabecular architecture in proximal femur of postmenopausal women,10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.10.017,Journal of Biomechanics,Maria-Grazia Asc

Variation of trabecular architecture in proximal femur of postmenopausal women  
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This investigation of microstructure in the human proximal femur probes the relationship between the parameters of the FRAX index of fracture risk and the parameters of bone microstructure. The specificity of fracture sites at the proximal femur raises the question of whether trabecular parameters are site-specific during post-menopause, before occurrence of fragility fracture. The donated proximal femurs of sixteen post-menopausal women in the sixth and seventh decades of life, free of metabolic pathologies and therapeutic interventions that could have altered the bone tissue, constituted the material of the study. We assessed bone mineral density of the proximal femurs by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and then sectioned the femurs through the center of the femoral head and along the femoral neck axis. For each proximal femur, morphometry of trabeculae was conducted on the plane of the section divided into conventional regions and sub-regions consistent with the previously identified trabecular families that provide regions of relatively homogeneous microstructure. Mean trabecular width and percent bone area were calculated at such sites. Our findings indicate that each of mean trabecular width and percent bone area vary within each proximal femur independently from each other, with dependence on site. Both trabecular parameters show significant differences between pairs of sites. We speculate that a high FRAX index at the hip corresponds to a reduced percent bone area among sites that gives a more homogeneous and less site-specific quality to the proximal femur. This phenomenon may render the local tissue less able to carry out the expected mechanical function.
Journal: Journal of Biomechanics - J BIOMECH , vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 248-256, 2011
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