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Anisotropic AAA: Computational comparison between four and two fiber family material models

Anisotropic AAA: Computational comparison between four and two fiber family material models,10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.06.029,Journal of Biomechanics,P.

Anisotropic AAA: Computational comparison between four and two fiber family material models  
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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a cardiovascular disease with high incidence among elderly population. Biomechanical computational analyses can provide fundamental insights into AAA pathogenesis and clinical management, but modeling should be sufficiently accurate. Several constitutive models of the AAA wall are present in the literature, and some of them seem to well describe the experimental behavior of the aneurysmatic human aorta. In this work we compare a two (2FF) and a four (4FF) fiber families constitutive models of the AAA wall. Both these models satisfactorily fit literature data from biaxial tests on the aneurysmatic tissue. To investigate the peculiar characteristics of these models, we considered the problem of AAA inflation, and solved it by implementing the constitutive equations in a finite element code. A 20% axial stretch was imposed to the aneurysm ends, to simulate the physiological condition. Although fitted on the same dataset, the two material models lead to considerably different outcomes. In particular, adopting a 4FF strain energy function (SEF), an increase of the circumferential stress values can be observed, while higher axial stresses are recorded for the 2FF model. These differences can be attributed to the intrinsic characteristics of the SEFs and to the effective stress field, with respect to the one experienced in biaxial experimental tests on which the fitting is based. In fact the two SEFs appear similar within the region of the stress-strain experimental data, but become different outside it, as in case of aneurysms, due to the effects of the data extrapolation process. It is suggested that experimental data should be obtained for conditions similar to those of the application for which they are intended.
Journal: Journal of Biomechanics - J BIOMECH , vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 2418-2426, 2011
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