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Flow field-flow fractionation with off-line electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry for size characterization of silver nanoparticles

Flow field-flow fractionation with off-line electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry for size characterization of silver nanoparticles,10.1016/j.

Flow field-flow fractionation with off-line electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry for size characterization of silver nanoparticles  
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Flow field-flow fractionation (Fl-FFF) with off-line electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) detection was developed and employed for particle size characterization of Ag NPs stabilized by citrate, pectin, and alginate. Citrate stabilized-Ag NPs were prepared from sodium borohydride reduction of silver nitrate. Sodium citrate was used as the capping agent to stabilize Ag NPs and prevent the aggregation process. Pectin stabilized- and alginate stabilized-Ag NPs were prepared from ascorbic acid reduction of silver nitrate. Pectin and alginate were used as the capping agent for pectin stabilized- and alginate stabilized-Ag NPs, respectively. Three types of Ag NPs were characterized by using FlFFF, zeta potentiometer, and TEM technique. The mean particle sizes of Ag NPs as characterized by FlFFF were 9nm, 19nm, and 45nm for citrate stabilized-, pectin stabilized-, and alginate stabilized-Ag NPs, respectively, in deionized water. Further, FlFFF with ETAAS detection was employed to observe the aggregation of Ag NPs of various types in environmental water in the absence and presence of humic acid. Citrate stabilized-Ag NPs underwent aggregation more rapid than the pectin stabilized- and alginate stabilized-Ag NPs as the latter two types were sterically stabilized. Further, humic acid could prolong the stability of Ag NPs in the environment.
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A - J CHROMATOGR A , vol. 1218, no. 27, pp. 4213-4218, 2011
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