A rapid and environmental friendly determination of the dithiocarbamate metabolites ethylenethiourea and propylenethiourea in fruit and vegetables by ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
Previous published methods for the analysis of ETU and PTU are time-consuming and furthermore use dichloromethane (DCM) for extraction or clean-up. This study details the development and validation of a rapid method that combines a simple extraction step with UHPLC–ESI+-MS/MS. This is the first application of UHPLC–MS/MS to analyse these compounds. Besides that, we replaced DCM with a more environmental-friendly solvent. The analytical performance was evaluated with the analysis of spiked celery samples at 50μgkg−1 (LOQ) and 300μgkg−1. The recoveries were between 65% and 90% for ETU and between 71% and 127% for PTU with RSDs in repeatability and reproducibility conditions below 10% for ETU. This method is rapid (a chromatographic run time of 2min) and can easily be performed (no laborious clean-up). The presented method is environmental friendly with significant reduction in solvent consumption.