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Novel water-soluble and pH-responsive anticancer drug nanocarriers: Doxorubicin–PAMAM dendrimer conjugates attached to superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs)

Novel water-soluble and pH-responsive anticancer drug nanocarriers: Doxorubicin–PAMAM dendrimer conjugates attached to superparamagnetic iron oxide na

Novel water-soluble and pH-responsive anticancer drug nanocarriers: Doxorubicin–PAMAM dendrimer conjugates attached to superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs)  
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PH-responsive drug release system based on the conjugates of PAMAM dendrimers–doxorubicin (PAMAM–DOX) and superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (IONPs) has been constructed and characterized. The IONPs were stabilized by mPEG-G2.5 PAMAM dendrimers. The anticancer drug DOX was conjugated to the dendrimer segments of amino-stabilized IONPs using hydrazine as the linker via hydrazone bonds, which is acid cleavable and can be used as an ideal pH-responsive drug release system. The drug release profiles of DOX–PAMAM dendrimer conjugates were studied at pH 5.0 and 7.4. The results showed that the hydrolytic release profile can be obtained only at the condition of lysosomal pH (pH=5.0), and IONPs participated in carrying DOX to the tumor by the Enhanced Permeability and Retention (EPR) effect. These novel DOX-conjugated IONPs have the potential to enhance the effect of MRI contrast and cancer therapy in the course of delivering anticancer drugs to their target sites. Although the dendrimer–DOX-coated IONPs do not have any targeting ligands attached on their surface, they are potentially useful for cancer diagnosis in vivo.
Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science - J COLLOID INTERFACE SCI , vol. 363, no. 1, pp. 403-409, 2011
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