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In situ ligand exchange of thiol-capped CuInS 2/ZnS quantum dots at growth stage without affecting luminescent characteristics

In situ ligand exchange of thiol-capped CuInS 2/ZnS quantum dots at growth stage without affecting luminescent characteristics,10.1016/j.jcis.2011.06.

In situ ligand exchange of thiol-capped CuInS 2/ZnS quantum dots at growth stage without affecting luminescent characteristics  
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An aliphatic thiol ligand of CuInS2/ZnS core/shell quantum dots is replaced with a hydroxyl-terminated thiol ligand by utilizing ‘on–off state’ of ligands during growth stage of the quantum dots. After the ligand-exchange, negligible differences were observed on both photoluminescence spectrum and luminescent quantum efficiency. The reason for the high retention of luminescent efficiency comes from no local agglomeration and no surface deterioration of QDs. It is also observed that 70% of initial ligands are exchanged by the replacing ligand, determined by FT-IR and 1H NMR. The proposed method provides the quantum dots with an excellent dispersibility in polar solvents, supported by identical luminescence decay characteristics of the QDs.
Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science - J COLLOID INTERFACE SCI , vol. 363, no. 2, pp. 703-706, 2011
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