Applications of GPR for surface mining

Applications of GPR for surface mining,10.1109/AGPR.2003.1207302,J. C. Francke,Richard Yelf

Applications of GPR for surface mining   (Citations: 1)
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Over the past 25 years, a myriad of applications for GPR technology have evolved ranging from archaeology to subsurface mapping on Mars. However, it is only recently that GPR has been applied on a production basis for surface mining. Due to the generally resistive nature of the media, GPR is an obvious candidate for alluvial gold and diamond resource exploration in aggregate-filled paleochannels. By correlating the radar reflectors to known geological features detected by boreholes or trenches, GPR has been used on a large scale for preliminary exploration, as well as on a local scale for the three-dimensional reconstruction of complex braided paleochannel systems. Although GPR has been attempted historically at a variety of placer sites, newly developed visualization techniques have enabled greater exploitation of the richness GPR data affords. Data are presented which illustrate the utility of GPR in the three-dimensional mapping of various fluvial paleofeatures, to depths frequently exceeding 40 m. A demanding application for GPR is that presented by tropical weathering environments. With the dramatic growth of interest in lateritic and bauxitic resource exploration, fueled by increasing demand and new processing technologies, the need for accurate resource delineation and careful mine planning becomes paramount. The traditional use of borehole grids to calculate ore reserves has proven to be neither sufficiently accurate nor cost-effective at many sites due to the complexity of tropical weathering profiles. Although conventional wisdom dictates that radar surveys are usually unsuccessful in regions with a high clay fraction, GPR has emerged as the most suitable geophysical tool to complement borehole grids in addressing project geology, resource delineation, and mine planning issues in the high clay fraction soil found in most tropical weathering environments.
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    • ...Compared to the hundreds of published works on civil infrastructure and UXO applications each year, only a handful of papers have been written on surface mining applications for GPR [2], [3], [4]...
    • ...Bedrock topography and grain size distributions have been determined to depths exceeding 30 m [2], [3]...

    Jan Francke. Applications of GPR in mineral resource evaluations

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