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Challenges in Designing the Modular Coils for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX)

Challenges in Designing the Modular Coils for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX),10.1109/FUSION.2005.252889,D. Williamsona,A. Brooksb,

Challenges in Designing the Modular Coils for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX)  
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D. Williamsona, A. Brooksb, T. Brownb, J. Chrzanowskib, M. Colea, H. M. Fan, K. Freudenberg, P. Fogarty, T. Hargrove, P. Heitzenroeder, G. Lovett, B. Nelsonhttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=50465139&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
The National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) is a quasi-axisymmetric plasma experiment that combines the high beta and good confinement of an advanced tokamak with the low current, disruption-free characteristics of a stellarator. The experiment is based on a three field-period plasma configuration with an average major radius of 1.4 m, a minor radius of 0.3 m, and a toroidal magnetic field on axis of up to 2 T. The modular coils are one set in a complex assembly of four coil systems that surround the highly shaped plasma. There are six each of three coil types in the assembly, for a total of 18 modular coils. The coils are constructed by winding copper cable onto a cast stainless steel winding form that has been machined to high accuracy, so that the current center of the winding pack is within +/-1.5 mm of its theoretical position. The modular coils operate at a temperature of 80 K and are subjected to rapid heating and stress during a pulse. The final coil design has presented many challenges with its requirements for winding accuracy, good thermal performance, a robust supporting structure, and ease of assembly and maintenance
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