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Electronic and optical features of silicon carbide nanoparticles and nanocomposites

Electronic and optical features of silicon carbide nanoparticles and nanocomposites,10.1109/ICTONMW.2009.5385645,D. Savchenko,A. Kassiba,N. Ogurtsov,N

Electronic and optical features of silicon carbide nanoparticles and nanocomposites  
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Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) investigations were carried out on hybrid Core-Shell nanomaterials associating silicon carbide nanoparticles and conducting polyaniline. The performed experiments compare the paramagnetic centres, the electronic transport features and the interface effects in two classes of materials, bare polymers and core-shell nanocomposites. By EPR, large doping rates were demonstrated in the bare doped polymers through important saturation phenomena which alter significantly the EPR spectrum features. Furthermore, memory effects were involved in the bare doped polymer with regard to the EPR spectrum features depending on the conditions of its thermal treatments. In the hybrid core-shell nanocomposites nor such saturation and nor memory effects were found on the EPR signals even if similar paramagnetic centres exist in both classes of samples. These behaviors were discussed taking into account the thermal stability and the doping efficiency in the considered classes of materials. Optimal doping levels were then realized and their effects on the polymers and the nanocomposites were clarified by using EPR and DRS (dielectric relaxation spectroscopy) measurements. Also, it is demonstrated that the charge carriers consist in polarons in the nanocomposites while bipolarons contributions dominate the electrical conductivity in the bare doped polymers.
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