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PECVD amorphous silicon suboxide films for surface passivation of silicon solar cells

PECVD amorphous silicon suboxide films for surface passivation of silicon solar cells,10.1109/ICSICT.2010.5667876,Guang-Zhi Jia,Hong-Gang Liu,Hu-Dong

PECVD amorphous silicon suboxide films for surface passivation of silicon solar cells  
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The surface passivation properties of hydrogenated amorphous silicon suboxides (a-SiOx:H) deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD) have been investigated. The process gases were nitrous oxide and a mixture of silane and helium at a deposition temperature of ~250 °C. Minority carrier lifetimes up to 270 us on 4·Ω·cm p-type float-zone silicon wafers were obtained. With thermal annealing, the carrier lifetimes of the a-SiOx:H passivated silicon wafers exceed 670 us, correlating to surface recombination velocities of 30 cm/s. Optical analysis revealed a distinct decrease of light absorption in the a-SiOx:H films compared to commonly used intrinsic amorphous silicon passivation used in heterojunction solar cells.
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