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Sliding-Trellis Based Frame Synchronization

Sliding-Trellis Based Frame Synchronization,10.1109/icc.2011.5963268,Usman Ali,Michel Kieffer,Pierre Duhamel

Sliding-Trellis Based Frame Synchronization  
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Frame Synchronization (FS) is required in several commu- nication standards in order to recover the individual frames that have been aggregated in aburst. This paper proposes a low-delay and reduced- complexity Sliding Trellis (ST)-based FS technique, compared to our previously proposed trellis-based FS method. Each burst is divided into overlapping windows in which FS is performed. Useful information is propagated from one window to the next. The proposed method makes use of soft information provided by the channel, but also of all sources of redundancy present in the protocol stack. An illustration of our ST- based approach for the WiMAX Media Access Control (MAC) layer is provided. When FS is performed on bursts transmitted over Rayleigh fading channel, the ST-based approach reduces the FS latency and complexity at the cost of a very small performance degradation compared to our full complexity trellis-based FS and outperforms state-of-the-art FS techniques. Index Terms—CRC, Cross-layer decoding, Frame synchronization, Joint decoding, Segmentation.
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