A New DC-Voltage-Balancing Circuit Including a Single Coupled Inductor for a Five-Level Diode-Clamped PWM Inverter
This paper proposes a new dc-voltage-balancing cir- cuit for a five-level diode-clamped inverter intended for a medi- um-voltage motor drive with a three-phase diode rectifier used as the front end. This circuit consists of two unidirectional choppers and a single coupled inductor with two galvanically isolated wind- ings. The inductor produces no net dc magnetic flux because the individual dc magnetic fluxes generated by the two windings are canceled out with each other. This makes the inductor compact by a factor of six, compared with the balancing circuit including two noncoupled inductors. Moreover, introducing phase-shift control to the new balancing circuit makes it possible to adjust the mid- point voltage. As a result, the dc mean voltages of all the four split dc capacitors can be balanced, independent of inverter control. Experimental results obtained from a 200-V 5.5-kW downscaled model verify the effectiveness of the new balancing circuit.