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The COCAE Detector: An Instrument for Localization—Identification of Radioactive Sources

The COCAE Detector: An Instrument for Localization—Identification of Radioactive Sources,10.1109/TNS.2011.2162964,IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

The COCAE Detector: An Instrument for Localization—Identification of Radioactive Sources  
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C. P. Lambropoulos, T. Aoki, J. Crocco, E. Dieguez, C. Disch, A. Fauler, M. Fiederle, D. Hatzistratis, V. A. Gnatyuk, K. Karafasoulis, L. A. Kosyachenko, S. N. Levytskyihttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=51193126&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
ization task it will exploit the Compton scattered photons within its detecting layers. It is based on pixilated Cd(Zn)Te matrices in a stacked configuration. Progress has been achieved in all the components necessary for this technology. CdZnTe crystals have been grown of up to 75 mm in diameter. A wafer level pixelization process has been tested and its results will be presented. Angular resolution for directional identification of the order of 6 requires energy resolution better than 5%. For this reason we have investigated planar metal-p-n diodes fabricated by using laser-induced solid phase doping and Schottky diodes created by Ar-ion etching of the Cd(Zn)Te surfaces before deposition of Ni electrodes. The energy resolution achieved is better than 1% FWHM @662 KeV. The development of a pixel CMOS readout integrated circuit has been undertaken. It outputs in digital format address, energy and time information for the pixels which have collected charge above a given threshold. Simulation studies of the minimum detection limits, of the Compton sequencing algorithms, of the angular resolution and of the reconstruction of the radioactive source position have been performed. Experiments with a precursor setup using an existing hybrid detector are underway.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science - IEEE TRANS NUCL SCI , vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 2363-2370, 2011
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