Recent Advances in Translational Work on Implantable Sensors
This review evaluates example technologies from the point-of-view of likely translation into human use, including regu- latory clearance, insertion into common medical practice and re- imbursability. The intent is to highlight recent innovations in im- plantable sensors with a focus on the translational process itself in a holistic fashion. As well as looking at success stories, this re- view will also examine several seemingly promising technologies that have failed for reasons having nothing to do with the opera- tional aspects of the sensors and systems involved. Innovationmust be viewed as a multifaceted process, all segments of which must be fullyaddressedtoachievesuccess.Nopartytotheprocesscanwork in isolation and expect to achieve the end goal of providing new advances to patients. This review will have succeeded if it provides the reader with a better appreciation of the complex environment in which implantable sensor discoveries that seek to be translated into human medicine must navigate.