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PWM Series Dimming for Slow-Dynamics HPF LED Drivers: the High-Frequency Approach

PWM Series Dimming for Slow-Dynamics HPF LED Drivers: the High-Frequency Approach,10.1109/TIE.2011.2130503,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics

PWM Series Dimming for Slow-Dynamics HPF LED Drivers: the High-Frequency Approach  
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This paper deals with the capability of pulse width modulation (PWM) dimming operation added to the high-power factor-integrated buck-flyback converter (IBFC), which was de- veloped in previous works for LED lighting applications. First, the two main dimming techniques will be introduced, namely, analog dimming and PWM dimming. Then, the three main PWM dimming schemes found in the literature, that is, enable dimming, series dimming, and parallel dimming, will be briefly discussed. Afterwards, the IBFC topology will be tested performing both analog and enable dimming. In addition, a new proposal is intro- duced: the high-frequency series PWM dimming technique, which overcomes all the challenges faced when developing PWM dim- ming capabilities in low slew-rate constant-current fixed-frequen- cy-controlled converters and offers all the advantages of PWM dimming over analog dimming while maintaining good efficiency. The proposed dimming-technique control loop, as well as the laboratory tests, will be presented, discussed, and compared to analog dimming and PWM dimming, showing satisfactory results in terms of dimming ratio, input current total harmonic distortion (THDI), and power factor.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics - IEEE TRANS IND ELECTRON , vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 1717-1727, 2012
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