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A Combined Manifold Learning Analysis of Shape and Appearance to Characterize Neonatal Brain Development

A Combined Manifold Learning Analysis of Shape and Appearance to Characterize Neonatal Brain Development,10.1109/TMI.2011.2162529,IEEE Transactions on

A Combined Manifold Learning Analysis of Shape and Appearance to Characterize Neonatal Brain Development  
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Large medical image datasets form a rich source of anatomical descriptions for research into pathology and clinical biomarkers. Many features may be extracted from data such as MR images to provide, through manifold learning methods, new representations of the population's anatomy. However, the ability of any individual feature to fully capture all aspects morphology is limited. We propose a framework for deriving a representation from multiple features or measures which can be chosen to suit the application and are processed using separate manifold-learning steps. The results are then combined to give a single set of em- bedding coordinates for the data. We illustrate the framework in a population study of neonatal brain MR images and show how consistent representations, correlating well with clinical data, are given by measures of shape and of appearance. These particular measures were chosen as the developing neonatal brain undergoes rapid changes in shape and MR appearance and were derived from extracted cortical surfaces, nonrigid deformations, and image sim- ilarities. Combined single embeddings show improved correlations demonstrating their benefit for further studies such as identifying patterns in the trajectories of brain development. The results also suggest a lasting effect of age at birth on brain morphology, coin- ciding with previous clinical studies.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging - TMI , vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 2072-2086, 2011
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