BDNF activates CaMKIV and PKA in parallel to block MAG-mediated inhibition of neurite outgrowth
The environment of the adult CNS prevents axonal regeneration after injury. This inhibition of axonal regeneration can be blocked by elevating cAMP. Previously, we showed that the cAMP pathway can be activated via pre-treatment with neurotrophins and requires activation of several signaling pathways which converge at activation of the transcription factor, CREB. Here, we show that calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase IV (CaMKIV) is necessary for the neurotrophin-induced phosphorylation of CREB and the block of myelin-mediated inhibition of axonal growth. Pharmacological inhibition of CaMKIV or over-expression of a dominant-negative mutant form of CaMKIV blocks the neurotrophin effect. Interestingly, CaMKIV activation is not necessary if cAMP levels is already elevated. Finally, calcium flux from intracellular stores is necessary for this CaMKIV signaling. These results demonstrate that CaMKIV is another player in the neurotrophin-induced signaling which leads to axonal regeneration and therefore, is a potential target for therapeutic intervention following injury to the adult CNS.