Self-concept, self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms
This study has two objectives: 1) to analyse the characteristics of self-concept, self-esteem and psy- chopathological symptoms in accordance with age and gender in a representative sample from the Basque Country; and 2) to explore the relationships of self-concept and self-esteem with psy- chopathological symptoms. The sample is made up of 1,579 participants, aged 12 to 65, of whom 732 are males (46.4%) and 847 are females (53.6%). The study uses a descriptive and correlational methodology. For the measurement of psychopathological symptoms, self-concept and self-esteem, three assessment instruments are applied. The ANOVAs indicated significant differences associated with age in self-concept, self-esteem, and quantity of psychopathological symptoms. As regards gen- der, no significant differences were found for self-concept and self-esteem, but there were differences in psychopathological symptoms, with females scoring higher in various disorders (somatization, in- terpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, and total quantity of symptoms). The re- sults of the correlational analyses confirmed significant inverse relationships between self- concept/self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms. The discussion considers the potential role of intervention programmes that promote self-concept and self-esteem in the prevention of psy- chopathological problems.
Published in 2008.