Keywords (2)

Academic
Publications
Energy use in the provision and consumption of urban water in Australia and New Zealand

Energy use in the provision and consumption of urban water in Australia and New Zealand,S. J. Kenway,A. Priestley,S. Cook,S. Seo,M. Inman,A. Gregory,M

Energy use in the provision and consumption of urban water in Australia and New Zealand   (Citations: 8)
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
Published in 2008.
Cumulative Annual
View Publication
The following links allow you to view full publications. These links are maintained by other sources not affiliated with Microsoft Academic Search.
    • ...It is a non-sustainable one when considering the long-term costs and environmental impacts (Kenway et al, 2008)...

    Peter A. Wildereret al. Integration of water reuse in the planning of livable cities

    • ...7 billion (QWI, 2007), it was by far the most costly option (indicator 5) to build even without considering:

      @@@@the materials (indicator 7), energy (indicator 8), and land costs (indicator 10) for a lengthy pipeline to transfer water from the dam to where it is needed most (estimate: $9 billion) (Kenway et al, 2008);

      ...

    C. Baldwinet al. Accountability in planning for sustainable water supplies in South Eas...

    • ...In Australia the figure is much lower (less than 1% based on pre-2006 figures) (Kenway et al. 2008)...
    • ...However, the energy intensity of water service provision has more than doubled in several major Australian cities over the last five years (Kenway et al. 2008) and is expected to increase further by the end of the decade due to unprecedented investment in major desalination, reuse and inter-catchment transfer schemes...
    • ...In a recent study by Kenway et al. (2008) the energy consumption of water infrastructure was examined for all major cities in Australia...
    • ...In Perth, the energy intensity of water supplied almost doubled from 0.56 to 0.98 kWh/kL with the introduction of a desalination plant in 2007 (Kenway et al. 2008)...
    • ...While the energy used by the major water service providers is less than 1% of the total national energy consumption (Kenway et al. 2008), hot water heating in Australia accounts for roughly a quarter of all residential energy consumption (Australian Government, 2008)...
    • ...The study by Kenway et al. (2008), investigated the energy intensity of centralised water supply systems in Australia...
    • ...This example illustrates not only the difference that efficient appliances can make, but also how water use behaviour can affect overall water and energy consumption (Kenway et al. 2008)...

    Monique Retamalet al. THE WATER-ENERGY-CLIMATE NEXUS - SYSTEMS THINKING AND VIRTUOUS CIRCLES

Sort by: