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Indicators and focal species for evaluating ecological effects of transport infrastructure

Indicators and focal species for evaluating ecological effects of transport infrastructure,Andreas Seiler,Per Angelstam,Johan Törnblom

Indicators and focal species for evaluating ecological effects of transport infrastructure  
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Knowledge on dose-response relationships in the ecological effects of transport infrastructure is a crucial prerequisite for the development of evaluation tools to be used in sustainable landscape planning. The impact of transport infrastructure on wildlife depends on many factors including characteristic of trans- port infrastructure itself, the transportation intensity, landscape pattern and the ecological traits of species. In this paper, we review scientific literature in the quest for species that due to their life-histories, abundance, occurrence pattern, and sensitivity to anthropogenic disturbance are most suitable for assessing the impact of transport infrastructure on biodiversity and sustainability criteria. We focus on disturbance, barrier and mor- tality effects with ultimate goal to provide set of indicators that relate to the specific requirements that focal species or species groups (theoretical model species, ecotypes) impose on habitat quality and connectivity.
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