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Evaluation of FDS V.4: Upward Flame Spread

Evaluation of FDS V.4: Upward Flame Spread,10.1007/s10694-007-0020-x,Fire Technology,Jae-Wook Kwon,Nicholas A. Dembsey,Christopher W. Lautenberger

Evaluation of FDS V.4: Upward Flame Spread   (Citations: 3)
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NIST’s Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a powerful tool for simulating the gas phase fire environment of scenarios involving realistic geometries. If the fire engineer is interested in simulating fire spread processes, FDS provides possible tools involving simulation of the decomposition of the condensed phase: gas burners and simplified pyrolysis models. Continuing to develop understanding of the capability and proper use of FDS related to fire spread will provide the practicing fire engineer with valuable information. In this work three simulations are conducted to evaluate FDS V.4’s capabilities for predicting upward flame spread. The FDS predictions are compared with empirical correlations and experimental data for upward flame spread on a 5 m PMMA panel. A simplified flame spread model is also applied to assess the FDS simulation results. Capabilities and limitations of FDS V.4 for upward flame spread predictions are addressed, and recommendations for improvements of FDS and practical use of FDS for fire spread are presented.
Journal: Fire Technology - FIRE TECHNOL , vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 255-284, 2007
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    • ...and radiative fraction value is usually dominant as the fire grows [22]...
    • ...Based on these suggestions, a grid sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine the appropriate grid spacing [22]...
    • ...The details regarding this simulation are presented in [22]...

    Jae-Wook Kwonet al. Evaluation of FDS V.4: Upward Flame Spread

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